Saturday, 25 June 2016

Focus Conferences and New Developments at PotatoEurope 2016

Focus Conferences and New Developments at PotatoEu...

  The innovations introduced by ARVALIS - Institut du végétal and its technical partners at Potat...

Exclusive Interview – Europatat: “We Need to Keep Potatoes Trendy”

Exclusive Interview – Europatat: “We Need to Keep ...

On he occasion of the Europatat Congress, we have had the opportunity to interview Mr. Kees van Aren...

PotatoEurope 2016: Numerous Dynamic Demonstrations Over 23 Hectares

PotatoEurope 2016: Numerous Dynamic Demonstrations...

 PotatoEurope is the largest open-field event devoted to the potato in Europe, which will cover an...

AHDB and CEJA Comment on Vote to Leave EU

AHDB and CEJA Comment on Vote to Leave EU

  The comments on the UK decision to leave EU assaulted media and social networks.

FDF: UK Food Manufacturers Face a Challenging Period after Brexit

FDF: UK Food Manufacturers Face a Challenging Period af...

  UK food manufacturers face a "very challenging period" in the wake of the country's decisi...

Tolsma-Grisnich Group Acquires Majority Share in Farm Electronics Limited

Tolsma-Grisnich Group Acquires Majority Share in Farm E...

  Tolsma-Grisnich, a leading Dutch specialist in intelligent storage technology for potatoes, onions a...

Case Study: The Experience of Potato Producer Nedato with a Sorting Solution from TOMRA

Case Study: The Experience of Potato Producer Nedato wi...

 The Nedato is a cooperative of 500 farmers, which has been producing quality potatoes to customers acr...

Tong Engineering Introduces New Cleaner Loader Crop Transfer Machine

Tong Engineering Introduces New Cleaner Loader Crop Tra...

   Tong Engineering is set to introduce a new Cleaner Loader crop transfer machine to its latest range...

Kiremko Builds a New French Fries Line in Belgium

Kiremko Builds a New French Fries Line in Belgium

  Kiremko announced they had started to build a new French fries line in Belgium, with a capacity of 1...

McCain Foods Invests USD65m in Expanding Its French Fries Plant in Canada

McCain Foods Invests...

McCain Foods (Canada) announced a major investment of USD6...

Branston Began the Expansion of Its Potato Processing Plant in Lincoln

Branston Began the E...

The UK potato supplier Branston has begun work on its GBP5...

Processed Potatoes in EU Worth EUR10b in 2014

Processed Potatoes i...

  Processed potatoes (mainly frozen chips and crisps) wer...

Aviko Introduces a Guide for Gluten-free Catering

Aviko Introduces a G...

 The potato processor Aviko is supporting caterers during ...

Americans Were Asked which Lay's Flavors Stay and which Go

Americans Were Asked...

   For the first time in brand history, the Lay's brand a...

Scientists Reveal Potato Parasite’s “Toolkit"

Scientists Reveal Po...

  An international research collaboration led by the Univ...

Kangaroo Island Potato Producer Wins the “Mini MBA” for Farmers

Kangaroo Island Pota...

 Kangaroo Island potato producer Peter Cooper has been nam...

CEJA President: Losing Young Farmers Puts the Future of European Food Production at Risk

CEJA President: Losi...

  CEJA President, Alan Jagoe, addressed EU agriculture mi...

Researchers Develop Nutrient-rich Purple Potato

Researchers Develop ...

  A group of researchers from CSU have recently developed...

Search Begins for Scottish Strategic Potato Farm

Search Begins for Sc...

  AHDB has announced the quest for the first farmer host ...

When Idaho farmers started making the state famous for its potatoes, they seeded their crops in ridged rows and watered the plants by channeling surface irrigation to flow through the furrows between the rows.

But even though most commercial potato producers in the Pacific Northwest now irrigate their crops with sprinklers, they still typically use ridged-row planting systems.

"The problem is that sprinkler irrigation can actually work against efficient water management because runoff from the sides of a ridged potato row allows water to pond in the furrow," says agricultural engineer Bradley King, who works at the ARS Northwest Irrigation and Soils Research Laboratory (NWISRL) in Kimberly, Idaho.

"So some of the irrigation water is wasted because the excess water in the furrows percolates below the crop root zone and becomes unavailable to the plants. Under these conditions, nitrate leaching from the soil can increase."

King worked with NWISRL research leader Dave Bjorneberg and soil scientist David Tarkalson on a series of studies to see whether planting potatoes in flat beds instead of ridged rows could increase irrigation water-use efficiency and the overall efficiency of potato production.

For a 2-year study, they set up experimental fields near their laboratory in Kimberly and compared three planting systems: conventional ridge-row systems, a five-row planting configuration on a raised bed where the plant rows were 26 inches apart, and a seven-row planting configuration on a raised bed where the plant rows were 18 inches apart.

They also varied nitrogen application and irrigation rates for the experimental beds.

With the help of a grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and assistance of industry partner Western Ag Research LLC, the team also set up a 5-year study with commercial producers in eastern Idaho on 62 fields, a study area that totaled around 6,900 acres. They looked at how irrigation rates and variety selection affected yields for each producer, but in this study, they only compared ridged-row systems and five-row raised-bed systems.

Results? The researchers found that using the flat-bed system increased yields by an average of 6 percent, even though 5 percent less water was used for irrigation-which meant that using flat beds instead of ridged rows for potato production led to a 12 percent increase in irrigation water use efficiency. They attribute these gains to several factors, especially the probability that planting potatoes in flat beds improves water- and nitrogen-use efficiency because more water reaches the potato roots.

These findings, which were published in 2011 in the American Journal of Potato Research, could help commercial farmers in Idaho and other states increase yields and profits, save valuable water resources, and reduce nitrate leaching. Idaho farmers who use a high level of irrigation water management-methods identified by NRCS that help producers monitor soil moisture needs, such as electronic moisture sensors and data loggers-in combination with the potato bed planter are now eligible for state funding.

The work could also create new opportunities for farmers who are looking for ways to increase production efficiencies in the cultivation of specialty potatoes for niche markets.

King concludes: "What's great about the results is that this is another example of where a conservation measure can also result in increased income."

 

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