Sunday, 24 July 2016

Volatility Forum: Brexit Adds Uncertainty in Agricultural Markets

Volatility Forum: Brexit Adds Uncertainty in Agric...

    UK agriculture needs to build resilience to market shocks now more than ever, according to t...

The 20th EAPR Conference to Take Place in Versailles Next Year

The 20th EAPR Conference to Take Place in Versaill...

   ARVALIS – Institut du végétal is organizing the 20th Conference of the European Association for ...

INTERPOM | PRIMEURS 2016: Growing through Precision Technology

INTERPOM | PRIMEURS 2016: Growing through Precisio...

  The organizers of INTERPOM | PRIMEURS 2016 have announced the biggest edition ever of the trade...

Utz Foods Acquires Golden Enterprises for USD135m

Utz Foods Acquires Golden Enterprises for USD135m

  Utz Quality Foods Inc., the family-owned Hanover, Pennsylvania-based potato-chip and snack-food comp...

Monsanto Sees Bayer’s Proposal as Financially Inadequate

Monsanto Sees Bayer’s Proposal as Financially Inadequat...

  Monsanto Company has recently announced that its board of directors unanimously views Bayer AG’s rev...

Congress Passes GMO Food Labeling Bill

Congress Passes GMO Food Labeling Bill

  The US Congress has recently sent legislation, backed by the National Potato Council and other agric...

tna's Innovative Seasoning Solution Reduces Lead Time for Snack Producer

tna's Innovative Seasoning Solution Reduces Lead Time f...

  Canadian-based Brandneu Foods has significantly reduced lead times for its popular range of kale chi...

Tummers Develops Washing Line for Fragile Potatoes

Tummers Develops Washing Line for Fragile Potatoes

 Tummers, the machinery provider for potato processing, developed a washing line for the very fragile a...

French Student Develops Hand-held Pesticide Detector, Scan Eat

French Student Develops Hand-held Pesticide Detector, S...

 A 25-year-old French student has won a EUR150k prize from the French Ministry of Agriculture to develo...

Kiremko is the Main Supplier for New Project Linkage Farm Frites in China

Kiremko is the Main ...

   Dutch engineering company Kiremko will be the main sup...

McCain Foods Invests USD65m in Expanding Its French Fries Plant in Canada

McCain Foods Invests...

McCain Foods (Canada) announced a major investment of USD6...

Branston Began the Expansion of Its Potato Processing Plant in Lincoln

Branston Began the E...

The UK potato supplier Branston has begun work on its GBP5...

Processed Potatoes in EU Worth EUR10b in 2014

Processed Potatoes i...

  Processed potatoes (mainly frozen chips and crisps) wer...

Aviko Introduces a Guide for Gluten-free Catering

Aviko Introduces a G...

 The potato processor Aviko is supporting caterers during ...

Government in Venezuela Authorizes Import of Potato Seeds

Government in Venezu...

   The Deputy Minister of Agriculture in Venezuela, José ...

Scientists Reveal Potato Parasite’s “Toolkit"

Scientists Reveal Po...

  An international research collaboration led by the Univ...

Kangaroo Island Potato Producer Wins the “Mini MBA” for Farmers

Kangaroo Island Pota...

 Kangaroo Island potato producer Peter Cooper has been nam...

CEJA President: Losing Young Farmers Puts the Future of European Food Production at Risk

CEJA President: Losi...

  CEJA President, Alan Jagoe, addressed EU agriculture mi...

Researchers Develop Nutrient-rich Purple Potato

Researchers Develop ...

  A group of researchers from CSU have recently developed...

When Idaho farmers started making the state famous for its potatoes, they seeded their crops in ridged rows and watered the plants by channeling surface irrigation to flow through the furrows between the rows.

But even though most commercial potato producers in the Pacific Northwest now irrigate their crops with sprinklers, they still typically use ridged-row planting systems.

"The problem is that sprinkler irrigation can actually work against efficient water management because runoff from the sides of a ridged potato row allows water to pond in the furrow," says agricultural engineer Bradley King, who works at the ARS Northwest Irrigation and Soils Research Laboratory (NWISRL) in Kimberly, Idaho.

"So some of the irrigation water is wasted because the excess water in the furrows percolates below the crop root zone and becomes unavailable to the plants. Under these conditions, nitrate leaching from the soil can increase."

King worked with NWISRL research leader Dave Bjorneberg and soil scientist David Tarkalson on a series of studies to see whether planting potatoes in flat beds instead of ridged rows could increase irrigation water-use efficiency and the overall efficiency of potato production.

For a 2-year study, they set up experimental fields near their laboratory in Kimberly and compared three planting systems: conventional ridge-row systems, a five-row planting configuration on a raised bed where the plant rows were 26 inches apart, and a seven-row planting configuration on a raised bed where the plant rows were 18 inches apart.

They also varied nitrogen application and irrigation rates for the experimental beds.

With the help of a grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and assistance of industry partner Western Ag Research LLC, the team also set up a 5-year study with commercial producers in eastern Idaho on 62 fields, a study area that totaled around 6,900 acres. They looked at how irrigation rates and variety selection affected yields for each producer, but in this study, they only compared ridged-row systems and five-row raised-bed systems.

Results? The researchers found that using the flat-bed system increased yields by an average of 6 percent, even though 5 percent less water was used for irrigation-which meant that using flat beds instead of ridged rows for potato production led to a 12 percent increase in irrigation water use efficiency. They attribute these gains to several factors, especially the probability that planting potatoes in flat beds improves water- and nitrogen-use efficiency because more water reaches the potato roots.

These findings, which were published in 2011 in the American Journal of Potato Research, could help commercial farmers in Idaho and other states increase yields and profits, save valuable water resources, and reduce nitrate leaching. Idaho farmers who use a high level of irrigation water management-methods identified by NRCS that help producers monitor soil moisture needs, such as electronic moisture sensors and data loggers-in combination with the potato bed planter are now eligible for state funding.

The work could also create new opportunities for farmers who are looking for ways to increase production efficiencies in the cultivation of specialty potatoes for niche markets.

King concludes: "What's great about the results is that this is another example of where a conservation measure can also result in increased income."

 

Digital edition


Click or tap to view our digital magazine
on your tablet or mobile device.

 x 
Cart empty

Latest Events

Sep 14th 2016 - Sep 15th 2016
Potato Europe 2016
Sep 14th 2016 - Sep 15th 2016
Potato Europe 2016

Trade Media Solutions S.R.L. | 1-5 G-ral David Praporgescu Str., 1st Floor, District 2, 020965 Bucharest, Romania.
Tel: +40 (0) 21 31 590 31  | E-mail: office@mediatrade.ro