Monday, 22 October 2018


The Bundeskartellamt has imposed fines totaling EUR13.2m on two potato and onion packaging companies for fixing prices in their supplies to the Metro group.

The proceeding against Hans-Willi Böhmer Verpackung und Vertrieb GmbH & Co. KG ("Böhmer"), Mönchengladbach, and Kartoffel-Kuhn GmbH ("Kuhn"), Frankenthal, was initiated in May 2013 with a sector-wide dawn raid following a leniency application.

Andreas Mundt, president of the Bundeskartellamt, an independent competition authority whose task is to protect competition in Germany, says"For years the companies concerned have agreed on an important parameter in the calculation of their weekly offers to Metro. By aligning their purchase prices used in the calculation, the two major suppliers of the Metro group virtually eliminated any price competition between them."

The activities of the packaging companies include the purchase of the raw product, washing, sorting, packaging and to some extent cold-storing the goods and finally selling the packed potatoes and onions primarily to the food retail sector, according to a press release from the Bundeskartellamt. Böhmer is one of the two leading potato and onion packaging plants in Germany; Kuhn, however, is only active in south-west Germany. Böhmer and Kuhn are the major suppliers of packed potatoes and onions to the Metro group.

At least since early 2005 and until the proceedings were initiated on May, 7, 2013, the persons responsible at the companies mentioned above had been in regular telephone contact with one another, especially in the run-up to the weekly offer for packed potatoes and onions (standard purchase) to the Metro group (Cash & Carry and Real distribution channels, "Metro").

In their telephone calls, the company representatives informed one another of their purchase prices for potatoes and onions (so-called "raw product prices") and agreed to use the same raw product price both for potatoes and onions as the basis for their internal calculations of offer prices to Metro. In addition they agreed to apply the same or approximately the same amounts for other cost items in their internal offer price calculations. Unlike the raw product prices, the other costs generally remained constant.

The proceedings against other potato and onion packaging companies suspected of price-fixing in their supply to other food retailers were terminated for discretionary reasons. Since the dawn raid carried out by the Bundeskartellamt the companies have ended all these practices.

In calculating the fine the Bundeskartellamt took account of the fact that Kuhn had cooperated extensively with the authority in uncovering the agreements. The fining decisions are not yet final and can be appealed to the Düsseldorf Higher Regional Court. 

Related articles: 

French Potato Producers Criticize the Low Price of Supermarket Potatoes 

Danish potato grower group fined over price fixing  

Potato Prices Rise in the UK

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