Teagasc and IPM Develop PCN-resistant Potato Variety
Teagasc and IPM Potato Group have recently released a new potato variety, which is resistant to potato cyst nematode (PCN). PCN is an economically devastating soil pest that can destroy potato crops.
‘Buster’ is a new ware or prepark variety and is resistant to both species of PCN. Its speed of development was greatly assisted by new genomic identification capabilities.
Dan Milbourne spoke at the National Tillage Conference about the work of the Virtual Irish Centre for Crop Improvement (VICCI). He explained that Buster combines PCN-resistant genes from five parents. Combining five genes is challenging and using conventional breeding methods may have taken up to 30 years. However, the variety was achieved using a genomic approach called marker assisted selection (MARS).
This allowed breeders to identify which parents to combine in order to achieve the high level of resistance, shortening the development time to 10 years.
PCN is a significant problem in the UK and a growing problem in Ireland. Between 2013 and 2016, 20% of land sampled for PCN tested positive. Traditional methods of control include long rotations, chemical and biofumigant treatment and the use of trap crops.